LXII: Assorted, cont’d


To those who may be receiving one of these post-notifications for the first time: This is not a blog; it’s actually part of a book, and will make little sense to you without knowledge of what has come before—which you can easily obtain, along with a goodly amount of satirical theatre as matters progress, by simply entering ttgftyri.org into your web browser, opening the menu, and starting at page one. J.J.


1051. Holy Family with . . , Giorgio Vasari, 1542
Los Angeles County Museum of Art
1052. Madonna of the Rosary, Jacopo Vignali, 17th c.
Chiesa della Misericordia, Florence
1053. Assumption of the Virgin, Alvise Vivarini, ca. 1477
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan
1054. Madonna and Child, Bartolomeo Vivarini, ca. 1475
Honolulu Museum of Art
1055: Madonna and Child with . . , Bernardo Zenale, 16th c.
Getty Museum, Los Angeles
1056. Madonna and Child with . . , Marco Zoppo, 1433
Louvre, Paris
1057. Madonna and Child Enthroned with . . , Federico Zuccari, 16th c.
St Martin Cathedral, Lucca, Italy

Okay, time to look at some numbers.

  • So far, we’ve encountered one thousand fifty-seven paintings, all by Italians, that fit our criteria.
  • These paintings, in which more than two hundred artists were commissioned by various Catholic institutions and devout individuals—ranging from wealthy laymen to Bishops, Archbishops, Cardinals, and of course the Pope himself—to come up with a depiction of the Madonna in one situation or another, were executed over a period of some four hundred years, beginning with the rise of the Renaissance around 1250 and for reasons that will soon become apparent, starting to fade out around 1650, or well into the Baroque period.
  • That averages out to about fifty artists per century; and while the first ones often varied their color scheme for the Virgin’s garments from one painting to another, using the one at issue here only some of the time, by Botticelli’s day (1445-1510) they rarely used any other; indeed by then, blue-over-red had become her color-motifto the extent that (1) it was rarely used for anyone else, save the mature Christ himself, in a painting, and (2) she just didn’t ‘look right’ without it. And it would remain that way for the next two hundred years.
  • Botticelli alone did more than fifty such paintings; and Raphael, whose life was cut short by illness, almost as many. In fact, most of the artists of that span produced at least fifteen or twenty; while here we must add that of the last hundred fifty-seven painters mentioned—from whose ouvre we dared show but one painting each, lest we burden ourselves with many more examples of this color convention than was really necessary—about a third had a dozen or more such paintings to offer; which means that our one thousand fifty-seven examples could easily have been increased by a minimum of six hundred.

So now let’s check out the rest of Catholic Europe, beginning with neighboring France; while here again, due to the sheer number of painters that we’re going to be mentioning in the several countries that we’ll be visiting, we must confine ourselves to one example per artist.

My comprehensive list of painters by nationality (see Wikipedia at https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lists_of_painters_by_nationality) indicates that in neighboring France, there weren’t any painters to speak of until the seventeenth century, when some talented individuals—usually following an apprenticeship in the studio of some Italian master—discovered that they could make a good living by simply working on the vanity of the king, his family, courtiers, and in fact every nobleman and noblewoman of any means into whose good graces they might eventually make their way, subsequently telling them how powerful and beautiful they were and offering to paint their portrait.

However, during that century, at least twenty French painters also received some commissions from the Church, resulting in such paintings as the ones shown below.

1058. Annunciation, Philippe de Champaigne, 1644
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
1059. Madonna and Child with . . , Georges de la Tour, ca. 1645
Museum of Fine Arts, Rennes
1060. Madonna and Child with . . , Charles Le Brun, 17th c.
1061. Madonna and Child with . . , Le Nain Brothers, ca. 1638
Private Collection
1062. Annunciation, Eustache Le Sueur, 17th c.
1063. Mystic Marriage of St. Catherine, Pierre Mignard, 17th c.
1064. Holy Family, Nicholas Poussin, 1648
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
1065. Madonna and Child, Jacques Stella, 17th c.
1066. Madonna and Child, Simon Vouet, 1633
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
1067. Annunciation, Daniel Hallé, 1659
Notre-Dame-de-Bercy church, Paris
1068. Adoration of the Magi, Jean Jouvenet, 17th c.
1069. Madonna and Child with . . , Claude Guy Hallé, 17th c.
1070. Annunciation, Louis de Boullogne the Younger, 17th c.

And then further west, in Spain . . .

1071. Nativity, Lluís Borrassà, ca. 1410
Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya, Barcelona
1072. Madonna and Child Enthroned, Blasco de Grañén, 1439
Museo de Zaragoza
1073. Annunciation, Jacomart, ca. 1450
1074. Madonna and Child Enthroned with . . , Jaume Huguet, 1450
Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya, Barcelona
1075. Madonna and Child Enthroned with . . , Lluís Dalmau, ca. 1444
Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya, Barcelona
1076. Altarpiece, Juan Rexach, 1469
Museu Nacional d’Art de Catalunya, Barcelona
1077. Pietà, Fernando Gallego, Ca. 1468
Museo del Prado, Madrid
1078: Lamentation, Rodrigo de Osona, 15th c.
1079. Annunciation, Pedro Berruguete, 15th c.
1080. Altarpiece (panel), Bartolomé Bermejo, 15th c.
Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta, Acqui Terme
1081. Madonna and Child with . . , Paolo da San Leocadio, ca. 1510
Museu de Belles Arts, València
1082. Madonna and Child, Pedro Romana, ca. 1520
1083. Adoration of the Magi, Francisco de Osona, ca. 1510
Victoria and Albert Museum, London
1084. Assumption of the Virgin, Alonso López, ca. 1625
Museo Nacional de Arte, Mexico City
1085. Nativity, Juan de Borgoña, ca. 1504
1086. Visitation, Vicente Masip, ca. 1550
1087. Madonna and Child with . . , Fernando Yáñez de la Almedina, 1505
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
1088. Madonna of the Suffering, Pedro Machuca, 1517
Museo del Prado, Madrid
1089. Madonna and Child with . . , Vicente Juan Macip, 16th c.
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg
1090. Holy Family, Gregorio Bausá, ca. 1650
Musée d’art et d’histoire, Narbonne
1091. Assumption of the Virgin, Alonso López, ca. 1625
Museo Nacional de Arte, Mexico City
1092. Mystic Marriage of St. Catherine, Juan del Castillo, 17th c.
1093. Holy Family, Luis Tristán, 1613
Minneapolis Institute of Art
1094. Adoration of the Shepherds, Juan Bautista Maíno, 17th c.
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg
1095. (untitled), Francisco Pacheco, 17th c.
1096. Madonna and Child with . . , Juan de Peñalosa, ca. 1618
Museo de Bellas Artes, Córdoba
1097. Marriage of the Virgin, Francisco Ribalta, 17th c.
Iglesia de San Jaime Apóstol, Algemesí
1098. (untitled), Fray Juan Rizi, 17th c.
1099. Coronation of the Virgin, Diego Velázquez, ca. 1643
Museo del Prado, Madrid
1100. Immaculate Conception, Francisco de Zurbarán, ca. 1633
Museo del Prado, Madrid

1051: Artsy https://www.artsy.net/artwork/giorgio-vasari-holy-family-with-saint-francis-in-a-landscape

1052: Wikipedia https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacopo_Vignali

1053: Pinacote Cabrera https://pinacotecabrera.org/en/collezione-online/opere/assumption-of-the-virgin-vivarini/

1054: Wikipedia https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartolomeo_Vivarini

1055: Wikipedia https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernardo_Zenale

1056: Louvre http://mini-site.louvre.fr/mantegna/acc/xmlen/section_1_6.html

1057: Letterura Artistica http://letteraturaartistica.blogspot.com/2016/07/federico-zuccari5.html

1058: Wikimedia Commons https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:L%27_Annonciation_de_1644,_Philippe_de_Champaigne..jpg

1059: Wikipedia https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Newborn_Child

1060: Pinterest https://www.pinterest.ru/amp/pin/536772849320350818/

1061: Kimbell Art https://www.kimbellart.org/exhibition/brothers-le-nain

1062: Pinterest https://www.pinterest.com/pin/708965166317955453/?nic_v1=1bs0BY0pojV74eyZvtqqIlvNdNsu85boV3UZOWb%2BCBFj%2FE2ATQSBu%2BY%2BeCSvTg66yP

1063: Painting Star https://www.paintingstar.com/item-mystic-marriage-of-st-catherine-s158864.html

1064: Britannica https://www.britannica.com/topic/The-Holy-Family-on-the-Steps

1065: Artnet http://www.artnet.com/artists/jacques-stella/the-madonna-and-child-_eGU-sHcE3AZ2OYbzULYcw2

1066: NGA https://www.nga.gov/collection/art-object-page.206070.html

1067: Wikipedia https://fr.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fichier:L%27annonciation_de_Daniel_Hall%C3%A9.jpg

1068: Pinterest https://www.pinterest.com/pin/355925176792023375/?nic_v1=1bsja2YG0CgNvXbc5Tz1OtOoSjnAS%2FqWrIYAlOYCAGAf32S9u8%2FtOp6nKETWe%2Bzfch

1069: Muzeo https://en.muzeo.com/art-print/ladoration-des-mages/claude-guy-halle

1070: Pinterest https://www.pinterest.com/pin/478155685415333126/?nic_v1=1bzAMjdf%2BE%2FW0RZSc53fC4TkXNMYCFzfPs2c%2B7VXHc38Bo5DEi9EhRL9iRTo5prU%2BS

1071: Museu Nacional https://www.museunacional.cat/en/colleccio/nativity/guerau-gener/114739-000

1072: Pinterest https://www.pinterest.co.uk/pin/385128205629351913/?nic_v1=1b8lEONkH4FjTPmKVa%2B2pKGs5DdxBwn0Vow8jF09ZoUErLF6rv0lwG0eiphux2Lais

1073: Cosa de Historia y Art https://cosasdehistoriayarte.blogspot.com/2018/02/jaume-baco-escriva-jacomart.html

1074: CC Search https://ccsearch.creativecommons.org/photos/34a317dd-3d3c-426a-8185-5d7e7ab75bef

1075: Wikipedia https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Llu%C3%ADs_Dalmau

1076: Wikipedia https://es.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retablo_de_la_Epifan%C3%ADa_(Juan_Rexach)

1077: Wikipedia https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Gallego

1078: Robert Simon https://www.robertsimon.com/osuno

1079: Pinterest https://www.pinterest.com/pin/170362798387564283/?nic_v1=1bvepBFMQamfp3l7iW49VsrU6k%2FI5ee%2BWia3MJnSb7xTMPHEtoAWvxGmIlxlKglSVr

1080: Wikipedia https://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bartolom%C3%A9_Bermejo

1081: Wikipedia https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paolo_da_San_Leocadio

1082: Artnet http://www.artnet.com/artists/pedro-romana/vierge-%C3%A0-lenfant-rehauts-dor-gIo3P_hiLS7VJT20DWT3ig2

1083: WGA https://www.wga.hu/html_m/o/osona/francisc/adormagi.html

1084: Wikimedia Commons https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alonso_L%C3%B3pez_de_Herrera_-The_Assumption_of_the_Virgin-_Google_Art_Project.jpg

1085: Wikimedia Commons https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Juan_de_borgo%C3%B1a-el_sue%C3%B1o_de_san_jose-cuenca.jpg

1086: Museo del Prado https://www.museodelprado.es/en/the-collection/art-work/the-visitation/b12ebd3c-2220-48ac-a7a8-8953a4091791

1087: Wikipedia https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernando_Y%C3%A1%C3%B1ez_de_la_Almedina

1088: Pinterest https://www.pinterest.co.kr/pin/388294799092552264/?amp_client_id=CLIENT_ID%28_%29&mweb_unauth_id=&from_amp_pin_page=true

1089: The Hermitage https://www.hermitagemuseum.org/wps/portal/hermitage/digital-collection/01.+Paintings/32938/

1090: Wikimedia Commons https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:La_Sainte_Famille,_Gregorio_Baus%C3%A1,_Mus%C3%A9e_Goya.jpg

1091: Wikimedia Commons https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alonso_L%C3%B3pez_de_Herrera_-The_Assumption_of_the_Virgin-_Google_Art_Project.jpg

1092: Artnet http://www.artnet.com/artists/juan-del-castillo/

1093: Useum https://useum.org/artwork/Holy-Family-Luis-Tristan-1613

1094: Pinterest https://www.pinterest.com/pin/770608186213991896/?nic_v1=1bnZV%2B5e4IICEs%2BZtkcMqn02hu5EZEszN3Tma5kqGuE2LL2ICW1dCv37a6uxdlTGRD

1095: Useum https://useum.org/artwork/Untitled-Francisco-Pacheco-1

1096: Google A&C https://artsandculture.google.com/entity/m0wzv6qm

1097: Tumblr https://spanishbaroqueart.tumblr.com/page/100

1098: Arte Historia https://www.artehistoria.com/sites/default/files/imagenobra/RIC22467.jpg

1099: Wikipedia https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronation_of_the_Virgin_(Vel%C3%A1zquez)

1100: Wikimedia Commons https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Francisco_de_Zurbar%C3%A1n_-The_Immaculate_Conception-_WGA26069.jpg

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